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Binbrook Motors Ltd ~ Steering & Suspension

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Steering is the action used to control the direction of the front wheels (in most applications) in order to alter the course the vehicle is travelling along. As such, it very important that your vehicles steering system is in full working order.

Older vehicles have no power assisted steering which means the effort needed to turn the front wheels is directly exerted by the driver of the vehicle, for light vehicles this is not too much of a problem but as vehicles became more technologically advanced they also became heavier at the front end making steering without power assistance more difficult and thus the need for power assisted steering grew.

There are two types of power steering systems: hydraulic and electric/electronic. A hydraulic-electric hybrid system is also possible. A hydraulic power steering system uses hydraulic pressure supplied by an engine driven pump to assist the motion of turning the steering wheel. Electric power steering is more efficient than the hydraulic power steering, since the electric power steering motor only needs to provide assistance when the steering wheel is turned, whereas the hydraulic pump must run constantly. With electronic power steering the assist level is easily tunable to the vehicle type, road speed, and even driver preference. An added benefit is the elimination of environmental hazard posed by leakage and disposal of hydraulic power steering fluid.

Suspension is the term given to the system of springs, shock absorbers and linkages that connects a vehicle to its wheels. Suspension systems serve a dual purpose, contributing to the car's handling and braking for good active safety and driving pleasure, and keeping vehicle occupants comfortable and reasonably well isolated from road noise, bumps, and vibrations. These goals are generally at odds, so the tuning of suspensions involves finding the right compromise. The suspension also protects the vehicle itself and any cargo or luggage from damage and wear. The design of front and rear suspension of a car may be different.